Factors Affecting the Travel Industry

Experts stress that the so-called syndrome of Sept. 11 still has an impact on the world tourist market, though its influence is sometimes exaggerated. Factor of the terrorist threat seems to have firmly taken its place in the modern world, but in 2002, as in any case, experts believe the WTO and its impact on tourism was local and limited in time. The greatest damage the tourism industry, apparently, brought the attack on the Tunisian resort of Djerba, reflected on the dynamics of tourist arrivals throughout North Africa, since it was made in anticipation of high season. Bombing in Mombasa that occurred in late autumn, had on the tourism industry in Africa is much less of an impact. Did not cause a serious crisis in the tourism and terrorist attacks in Indonesia, although Bali tragedy turned to the country falling tourist traffic by 2,2%. This suggests that the world economic situation is having on international tourism is a much bigger impact than the terrorist threat.
Over 60% of all arrivals of foreign tourists and 70-75% occurring in the world trips come from industrialized countries.
In 2002, increased by 3,2% and the average duration of travel was 9.4 nights (10.4 days). By 10,6% increased level of expenditures when traveling through Europe, due to inflationary pressures and the transition of several countries of the euro, which resulted in higher prices for tourist services. By purpose of travel leading beach tours related to the presence of water (cruises, lake tourism), medical tours and event tourism.
Long-term prospects for tourism professionals seem optimistic. According to a forecast by the World Tourism Organization in 2010 in the world each year will travel about 1 billion people by 2020 - up to 1.5 billion people, and revenues from tourism may be about 2 trillion dollars. USA.
For 83% of world tourism is now one of the five main sources of income, and for 38% of tourism - the main source of income. Tourism ranked first in the world among all the other sectors of the economy on the number of jobs. If in 1998 the tourism sector employed 115 million people, it is projected that by 2020 the world will create 550 million jobs.
Currently, tourism in different countries developed very unevenly. Mostly tourists depart from the highly developed countries, which are, in the terminology of the World Tourism Organization, the countries - suppliers of tourists. The group includes state ¬ of state, where the percentage of people traveling to foreign travel, higher than 10. The number of these countries is low (12-17), but their list is constantly updated. Until recently, their number, in addition to highly developed countries in Western and Northern Europe, North America and Japan, were States in Eastern Europe, the Persian Gulf area. Today their place are actively engaged in the newly industrialized countries, developing nations have reached a high degree of development - the Republic of Korea, Singapore, etc.
Countries - suppliers of tourists form the main stream of tourists in developing countries. Outbound tourism in developing countries are poorly represented.
All specialists in the field of tourism agree that the basis for the development of tourism is the economic and social progress. A more detailed analysis allows us among the many that affect tourism development highlight the major factors: political, economic, social, demographic, cultural, educational, scientific and technical.